Up to 30% of Canadians experience dry eye symptoms at any given time. Dry eye occurs when your eyes do not receive sufficient lubrication; your body does not produce enough tears, or the quality of the tears it does produce is low.
Dry eye may be intermittent, seasonal, or ongoing.
Dry eye can be hard to pin down at first because some of its symptoms mimic other eye conditions.
Symptoms of dry eye include:
Dry is caused by one of two things: lack of tears, or tears of poor quality that evaporate too quickly.
Insufficient Tear Production
To obtain a diagnosis all that is required is a general examination, though we may test for tear quantity and quality.
Management of dry eye is dependent on the cause. Depending on the cause of your dry eye, treatment may take weeks or months to show positive change.
Most people will experience symptoms of dry eye at one point or another during their lifetimes. Many people find varying levels of relief by making some small lifestyle and behaviour changes, including:
When looking for the cause of your dry eye, a good place to start is by assessing any medications you are taking. Many medications – including antihistamines – can cause dry eye symptoms as a side effect.