Georgian Bay Optometry Clinic
1026 Mosley St Wasaga Beach ON L9Z 2G7 (705) 422-0020 $$

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Wasaga Beach, ON
(705) 422-0020
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Eye Disease Diagnosis & Management


Cataracts Form as We Age

As we age, the eye’s lens begins to change. Cataracts form in most people by the time they reach age 60. In fact, more than 2.5 million Canadians have cataracts.

There is currently no definitive reason the medical community can determine why the lens changes as we age, only that it does.

Known risk factors include:

  • Medical conditions, such as diabetes
  • Prior injury to the eye
  • Extended usage of corticosteroid medications
  • Family history
  • UV radiation (from sunlight and other sources)
  • Blurry vision (like looking through a shower curtain)
  • Faded colours, or inability to distinguish colours
  • Glare from light sources, especially at night
  • Hazy, cloudy vision

There are several types of cataracts, including:

  • Subcapsular Cataract – Occurs at the back of the lens. People with diabetes or using steroidal medications are at greater risk to develop these.
  • Nuclear Cataract – Forms in the nucleus of the lens. In some cases, a nuclear cataract can cause “second sight”, where your visual acuity is temporarily increased. This effect wears off as the cataract develops.
  • Cortical Cataract – Occurs in the lens cortex (the tissue surrounding the central nucleus). Opaque white flecks begin to form around the centre of the lens (similar to the spokes on a wheel).

While many people assume that poor vision is an inevitable part of ageing, vision loss due to cataracts can be restored to very good acuity (between 20/20 and 20/40) with a routine and safe surgical procedure.

Cataract surgery is the most popular surgery performed in North America and is long-term successful in over 90% of cases.

The first step is a comprehensive eye exam to determine the type and development of your cataracts. Assuming your surgical viability, we will then refer you to an Ophthalmologist.

The Ophthalmologist will remove your clouded lenses and replace them with a clear intraocular lens (IOL) made of plastic. The IOL mimics the function of the original lens and is very successful in restoring vision quality.

The surgery is relatively painless, with mild postoperative discomfort for a couple of weeks.


How We Treat Conjunctivitis

First, we diagnose the cause of your symptoms. As conjunctivitis has several different causes, a diagnosis is required before administrating the appropriate treatment.

  • If a cause of bacterial infection – Antibiotics may be prescribed for strong cases of pink eye, or if the infection has persisted for quite some time. Viral infections cannot be treated via oral medication; your body will fight the infection naturally.
  • Allergic or environmental causes – We can help you determine what is causing your reaction so that you can take the appropriate steps to avoid contact.

We regularly treat patients for conjunctivitis and quickly test to determine its cause. We can treat the symptoms with eye drops and antihistamines to provide relief of your discomfort.

Most forms of pink eye/red eye respond quickly to treatment, and a visit to our office is much faster than a trip to the walk-in.

What is Conjunctivitis?

Conjunctivitis is often called pink eye or red eye because of how its symptoms present. These terms are sometimes used interchangeably.

It results when the conjunctiva – the thin layer of clear cells that on the white portion of the eye and inside of your eyelid – become inflamed.

Symptoms of Conjunctivitis

Your specific case of conjunctivitis may display a combination of all or some of the symptoms below:

  • Pink or red coloration to the white part of your eye
  • Tearing, watery eyes
  • Itchy, scratchy, burning sensation
  • Blurred vision
  • Sensitivity to light

Do Not Wear Contacts if You Have Pink Eye

If you have conjunctivitis, do not wear your contact lenses. The lenses may irritate the eyes further, exacerbate existing symptoms or prolong their duration.

Causes of Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis has several varied causes. For this reason, a proper diagnosis is needed to determine the appropriate treatment.

Causes include:

  • Pathogens – Pink eye/red eye can be caused by certain types of bacteria and viruses, though the bacterial variant is more common.
  • Allergens – Many people with allergies present conjunctivitis as a symptom.
  • Chemicals – Many chemicals found in hygiene products, detergents, soaps, and other parts of our lives can cause conjunctivitis. We can help you isolate which ones are irritating your eyes.

Diabetic Eye Exams

People With Diabetes Have Greater Risk for Certain Eye Diseases

Including an increased risk for cataracts, glaucoma, and diabetic retinopathy, which damages the blood vessels in the retina (and other parts of the eye) causing irreparable vision loss.

An eye exam is painless and enables us to get an accurate picture of your eye health. If you have diabetes, OHIP provides coverage for annual eye exams.

Damage to the blood vessels within and around the retina causing cloudy, hazy, blurry vision. It can cause blindness if left untreated.

Prolonged periods of hyperglycemia causes glucose to accumulate in your blood vessels. High blood glucose levels eventually weaken the walls of the blood vessels in your eye, causing diabetic retinopathy. The risk of developing retinopathy is directly related to how long you’ve had diabetes, or how well maintained your blood sugar levels are.

  • Blurry vision
  • Dark spot/blind spot in centre field of vision
  • Poor night visibility
  • Floaters and spots
  • Distorted vision
  • Eye pain, feeling of pressure
  • Development of cataracts

During your eye exam, we will use specialized equipment to look at the inside of your eye. We will dilate your eyes using eye drops in order to provide a better view of your retina.

After the exam, your eyes will be blurry for a few hours, though you should be able to return to normal activities shortly after the exam. Your eyes may also be sensitive to light- we recommend bringing sunglasses with you.

Though diabetes increases your risk for some eye diseases, those risks can be managed by effectively controlling your blood sugar levels. Periods of hyperglycemia or hypertension can have a dramatic impact on your eye health.

When it comes to eye health, prevention is far more effective than restoration. Unfortunately, most vision loss is permanent and blindness can occur if it is not treated appropriately.

Living a healthy lifestyle is recommended for all people, but especially if you have diabetes. Eating well, following your treatment plans, and exercising regularly do a great job in helping manage your blood sugar levels.

If you are struggling to formulate or stick to a diet, we can help. Learn more about eye wellness and nutrition.

Glaucoma Testing & Management

What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a serious eye disease that damages your optic nerve. The vision loss caused by glaucoma is progressive and irreversible.

Unfortunately, Glaucoma often develops asymptomatically (shows no symptoms) until vision loss has already occurred.

Glaucoma is not a defined disease but rather a group of diseases. There are many types of Glaucoma; the three most common are:

  • Open-angle glaucoma – Open-angle is the most common type of glaucoma. It forms when the eye intraocular pressure (IOP) begins to rise due to clogged drainage canals within the eye.
  • Angle-closure glaucoma – Also called acute glaucoma or narrow-angle glaucoma. This form of glaucoma is much less common than the open-angle variant and is characterized by a rapid rise in IOP.
  • Normal-tension glaucoma – Refers to cases where Glaucoma has damaged the optic nerve despite IOP not being high.

During Glaucoma’s initial development you may not experience any symptoms. The most popular variant – open-angle – happily develops without your noticing it until it is quite developed.

Symptoms include:

  • Blurred vision, difficulty focusing
  • Hazy, cloudy vision
  • Eye pain, often severe (indicates angle-closure Glaucoma)
  • Blind spots or tunnel vision

The only way to catch glaucoma before it causes vision loss is to catch it preemptively. During an eye exam we test for glaucoma using advanced equipment and testing processes (such as OCT Imaging).

An annual eye exam will be sufficient for most people, though if you have a family history of glaucoma (or other eye diseases) it is recommended you have more frequent eye exams.

It’s difficult for us to properly articulate the importance of preventative eye care. We find it incredibly distressing when people discover the importance of preventative care too late.

We implore you: care for your eyes. If you are an adult with normal vision, have them checked at least once every one or two years- your future self, enjoying the benefits of great eyesight, will thank you!

If you are over age 65, OHIP provides coverage for annual eye exams- please, use it! As well, certain conditions (such as diabetes) also impact your eyesight, and OHIP provides coverage for more frequent eye exams as a result.

Unfortunately, no cure for glaucoma exists, though its symptoms and impacts can be managed effectively through eye drops (and in some cases, surgical procedures). In fact, treatment is effective enough that we have to remind our patients to continue their prescribed treatments despite a lack of obvious symptoms.

The most common cause of vision loss from glaucoma is when patients fail to strictly follow their treatment.

What You'll Find at Georgian Bay Optometry Clinic

Many people still think that they need to commute to Barrie or the GTA to get the eye care they need. Our clinic - located in Wasaga Beach - has the equipment and staff needed to conduct comprehensive eye exams, specialized diagnostic testing, dress eyewear and sunglass styling and fitting, contact lens fittings, and more. Visit us in-store to see what we can do for you.

Our Optometrists are local to the Wasaga Beach area and are raising their own families here. Many eye diseases are best treated when caught and addressed early. For this reason, we stress the importance of preventative eye care for all family members.

At NTOC we have advanced imaging equipment called the Cirrus HD-OCT (Optical Coherence Tomography). The OCT not only takes pictures of the eye, it can also take direct cross-sectional images of the retina and optic nerve thereby screening for eye disease such as macular degeneration, diabetic eye disease, and glaucoma. It is a very useful tool for early diagnosis and management of eye disease.
Click here to learn more about OCT Imaging


Eyewear Boutique

Looking for a new pair of designer frames, some prescription or non-prescription sunglasses, or to fill your contact lens prescription? Our eyewear boutique offers the latest fashionable eyewear as well as a diverse selection of contact lenses.

See all the brands we carry

Georgian Bay Optometry Clinic

We are on the corner of Mosley St and 22nd St N. Our clinic is completely wheelchair accessible.


1026 Mosley St
Wasaga Beach, ON L9Z 2G7

Contact Information

Phone: (705) 422-0020
Fax: (705) 422-0120
  • Monday: 10am - 6pm
  • Tuesday: 9am - 5pm
  • Wednesday: 12pm - 8pm
  • Thursday: 9am - 5pm
  • Friday: Call to Confirm
  • Saturday: Call to Confirm
  • Sunday: Closed
  • Dr. Anna Dionisio
  • Dr. John Peacock
  • Dr. Hari Amarnath
  • And Associates
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